Using Linked Data Sources to Enhance Catalog Discovery




linked data, linked open data, discovery, usability, user experience, cataloging, metadata


Our research explores how linked data sources and non-library metadata can support open-ended discovery of library resources. We also consider which experimental methods are best suited to the improvement of library catalog systems. We provide an overview of the questions driving our discovery experiments with linked data, a summary of some of our usability findings, as well as our design and implementation approach. In addition, we situate the discussion of our work within the larger framework of library cataloging and curation practices.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Allison, DeeAnn. 2010. “Information Portals: The Next Generation Catalog.” Journal of Web Librarianship 4 (4): 375–89.

Allison-Cassin, Stacy, Alison Armstrong, Phoebe Ayers, Tom Cramer, Mark Custer, Mairelys Lemus-Rojas, Sally McCallum et al. 2019. “ARL White Paper on Wikidata: Opportunities and Recommendations.” Association of Research Libraries, April 18, 2019. Archived at:

“Art and Rare Materials (ARM) BIBFRAME Ontology Extension.” 2021.

Bates, Marcia J. 1989. “The Design of Browsing and Berrypicking Techniques for the Online Search Interface.” Online Review. Archived at:

Bates, Marcia J. 2007. “What Is Browsing-Really? A Model Drawing from Behavioural Science Research.” Information Research 12 (4): paper 330. Archived at:

Boettcher, Emma. 2020. “Where Linked Data Can Impact User Experience: Findings on Discovery Workflows.” Presentation at the LD4 Conference on Linked Data in Libraries, July 2020. Archived at:

Cornell University Library. 2020. “Cornell University Implementation of Blacklight.”

Coyle, Karen. 2016. “Does FRBR Meet FRBR’s Objectives?” In FRBR Before and After: A Look at Our Bibliographic Models, 97–124. Chicago, IL: ALA Editions. Archived at:

Cramer, Tom, Jessie Keck, Huda Khan, Dan Scott, and Simeon Warner. 2019. “A Knowledgeable Panel on Knowledge Panels.” Presentation at the LD4 Conference on Linked Data in Libraries, Boston, MA, May 2019.

Cuna, Andrea, and Gabriele Angeli. 2020. “Improving the Effectiveness of Subject Facets in Library Catalogs and Beyond: A MARC-Based Semiautomated Approach.” Library Hi Tech.

Dempsey, Lorcan. 2012. “Thirteen Ways of Looking at Libraries, Discovery and the Catalogue: Scale, Workflow, Attention.” Catalogue 2.0: The Future of the Library Catalogue, edited by Sally Chambers, 179–202.

Diao, Junli. 2018. “Evolution of Western Library Catalogs: The Rising Expectations of Users.” International Journal of Librarianship 3 (1): 78–93.

Discogs. 2018. “Discogs API Terms of Use.”

Elguindi, Anne C. and Kari Schmidt. 2012. “4 - Discovery systems, layers and tools, and the role of the electronic resources librarian”. Editor(s): Anne C. Elguindi, Kari Schmidt. Chandos Information Professional Series, Electronic Resource Management, 109-139. ISBN 9781843346685.

“Ethics in Linked Data Affinity Group.” 2020. Last modified September 13, 2021. Archived at:

Fresnido, Ana Maria B., and Agnes S. Barsaga. 2020. “Transaction Log Analysis of OPAC Searches in an Academic Library: Basis for OPAC Interface Improvement.” Philippine Journal of Librarianship and Information Studies 39 (1): 29–40. Archived at:

Golub, Koraljka. 2018. “Subject Access in Swedish Discovery Services.” Knowledge Organization 45 (4): 297–309.

Gross, Tina, Arlene G. Taylor, and Daniel N. Joudrey. 2015. “Still a Lot to Lose: The Role of Controlled Vocabulary in Keyword Searching.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 53 (1): 1–39.

Gusenbauer, Michael, and Neal R. Haddaway. 2021. “What Every Researcher Should Know About Searching—Clarified Concepts, Search Advice, and an Agenda to Improve Finding in Academia.” Research Synthesis Methods 12 (2): 136–47.

Hall, Catherine E. 2011. “Facet-Based Library Catalogs: A Survey of the Landscape.” Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 48 (1): 1–8.

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Working Group on the Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records (FRSAR). 2010. Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data (FRSAD): A Conceptual Model. Archived at:

Intarapaiboon, Peerasak, and Chainarong Kesamoon. 2019. “Applying Domain Knowledge and Academic Information to Enhance Unknown-Item Search in OPAC.” Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science 24 (1): 45–58.

Johnson, Thomas, and Karen Estlund. 2014. “Recipes for Enhancing Digital Collections with Linked Data.” Code4Lib Journal 23. Archived at:

Jin, Qiang, James F. Hahn, and Gretchen Croll. 2016. “BIBFRAME Transformation for Enhanced Discovery.” Library Resources and Technical Services 60 (4).

Khan, Huda. 2021. “Discovery on the Ground”. Archived at:

Khan, Huda, and Steven Folsom. 2021. “Production:Discogs.” Archived at:

Khan, Huda, Tim Worrall, and John Skiles Skinner. 2020a. “BAM! Lessons Learned and Potential Future Work.” Archived at:

Khan, Huda, Tim Worrall, and John Skiles Skinner. 2020b. “SMASH! Lessons Learned and Future Work.” Archived at:

Khan, Huda, Tim Worrall, and John Skiles Skinner. 2020c. “WHAM! Lessons Learned.” Archived at:

Khan, Huda, Tim Worrall, and John Skiles Skinner. 2019. “KPAOW! Lessons Learned and Possible Future Steps.” Archived at:

Kovari, Jason, Steven Folsom, and Rebecca Younes. 2017. “Towards a BIBFRAME Implementation: The Bibliotek-o Framework.” Paper presented at the DCMI International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, Washington, DC, October 2017. Archived at:

Kungliga biblioteket. n.d. “LIBRIS.” Accessed June 25, 2021.

Library of Congress. n.d. “BIBFRAME Ontology.” Accessed June 25, 2021. Archived at:

Library of Congress. n.d. Bibliographic Framework Initiative. Accessed November 23, 2021. Archived at:

Library of Congress. 2020. “MARC Standards.” Last modified March 13, 2020. Archived at:

Mak, Lucas, Devin Higgins, Lisa Lorenzo, and Sruthin Gaddam. 2021. “What Am I Looking at: Contextualizing Subject Headings Through Linked Open Data.” College & Undergraduate Libraries 27 (2–4): 435–51.

Martin, Jennifer M. 2021. “Records, Responsibility, and Power: An Overview of Cataloging Ethics.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 59 (2–3): 281–304.

Martin, Kristin E., and Kavita Mundle. 2010. “Cataloging E-Books and Vendor Records.” Library Resources & Technical Services 54 (4).

McGrath, Kelley. 2007. “Facet-Based Search and Navigation with LCSH: Problems and Opportunities.” Code4Lib Journal 1. Archived at:

McKay, Dana, George Buchanan, and Shanton Chang. 2018. “It Ain’t What You Do, It’s the Way That You Do It: Design Guidelines to Better Support Online Browsing.” Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology 55 (1): 347–56.

McKay, Dana, Shanton Chang, Wally Smith, and George Buchanan. 2019. “The Things We Talk About When We Talk About Browsing: An Empirical Typology of Library Browsing Behavior.” Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 70 (12): 1383–94.

Meyer, Steve. 2016. “Enhancing Library Discovery with Linked Open Data.” Archived at:

Naun, Chew Chiat. 2020. “Expanding the Use of Linked Data Value Vocabularies in PCC Cataloging.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 58 (3–4): 449–57.

Palagi, Emilie, Fabien Gandon, Alain Giboin, and Raphaël Troncy. 2017. “A Survey of Definitions and Models of Exploratory Search.” In ESIDA ’17: Proceedings of the 2017 ACM Workshop on Exploratory Search and Interactive Data Analytics, 3–8.

Riva, Pat, Patrick Le Boeuf, and Maja Žumer. 2017. IFLA Library Reference Model: A Conceptual Model for Bibliographic Information. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions.

Schilling, Virginia. 2012. “Transforming library metadata into linked library data.” Association for Library Collections and Technical Services. Accessed April 4, 2022

Snyder, Eunah, Lisa Lorenzo, and Lucas Mak. 2019. “Linked Open Data for Subject Discovery: Assessing the Alignment Between Library of Congress Vocabularies and Wikidata.” Paper presented at the DCMI International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, Seoul, September 2019. Archived at:

Stahmer, Carl G. 2020. “A World of Curated Knowledge: Leveraging the Wider Semantic Web to Enhance Library Discovery.” In Resource Discovery for the Twenty-First Century Library: Case Studies and Perspectives on the Role of IT in User Engagement and Empowerment, edited by Simon McLeish, 147–60. London: Facet.

Stanford University Libraries. 2020. “SearchWorks.”

Sullivan, Daniel. 2020. “A Reintroduction to Our Knowledge Graph and Knowledge Panels.” The Keyword. Archived at:

Trapido, Irina. 2016. “Library Discovery Products: Discovering User Expectations Through Failure Analysis.” Information Technology and Libraries 35 (3): 9–26.

Usong, Astrid. 2019. “Discovery User Research.” Archived at:

W3C. 2014. “Resource Description Framework (RDF).” Archived at:

Wakeling, Simon, Paul Clough, Lynn Silipigni Connaway, Barbara Sen, and David Tomás. 2017. “Users and Uses of a Global Union Catalog: A Mixed-Methods Study of” Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 68 (9): 2166–81.

Wakimoto, Jina Choi. 2009. “Scope of the Library Catalog in Times of Transition.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 47 (5): 409–26.

Wells, David. 2020. “Online Public Access Catalogues and Library Discovery Systems.” ISKO Encyclopedia of Knowledge Organization. Edited by Birger Hjørland and Claudio Gnoli. Archived at:

Wisser, Katherine M. 2014. “The Errors of Our Ways: Using Metadata Quality Research to Understand Common Error Patterns in the Application of Name Headings.” In Metadata and Semantics Research: 8th Research Conference, MTSR 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany, November 27–29, 2014, Proceedings, edited by Sissi Closs, Rudi Studer, Emmanouel Garoufallou, and Miguel-Angel Sicilia, 83–94. Cham: Springer.

Yasser, Chuttur M. 2011. “An Analysis of Problems in Metadata Records.” Journal of Library Metadata 11 (2): 51–62.



How to Cite

Khan, Huda, Claire DeMarco, Christine Fernsebner Eslao, Steven Folsom, Jason Kovari, Simeon Warner, Tim Worrall, and Astrid Usong. 2022. “Using Linked Data Sources to Enhance Catalog Discovery”. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies 6 (3):1-26.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.